HOKUSAI KATSUSHIKA, AROUND THE FUJI CRATER n. 76

HOKUSAI KATSUSHIKA, AROUND THE FUJI CRATER n. 76

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Hakkai-meguri no fuji

Series : One Hundred Views of Fuji, Fugaku Hyakkei.

Technique: nishikie, woodcuts in two shades of gray and one of pink.

Format: hanshinbon koban diptych (about 183x253 mm).

Signatures : Zen Hokusai Iitsu aratame Gakyorojin Manji.

Artist's seal : Fuji no Yama.

Dates : 1834-1836.

Engravers: Egawa Tomekichi and Tsentaro.

Publishers: Nishimura Yuzo, Eirakuya Toshiro.

Beautiful proof with good contrasts, in a fourth edition published by Tohikedo in 1852 with the characteristic pink tone. Printed on Japan paper, in excellent condition, with clean edges all around beyond the marginal line.

Bibliography:

Calza GC Hokusai, the old fool for painting , Milan 1999-2000, London, 2003.

Calza GC Hokusai, the hundred views of Fuji , Milan, 1982.

Dickins FV Fugaku hiyaku-kei: one hundred view of Fuji by Hokusai , London, 1880.

Forrer M. Hokusai, prints and drawings , London, 1991.

Hillier J. The art of Hokusai in book illustration , London, 1980.

Lane R. Hokusai, life and works , Milan, 1991.

Salamon Villa T., The hundred views of Fuji, Turin, 1975.

Smith II H. Hokusai: one hundred view of Fuji by Hokusai, London, 1988.

Ohachimawari, go around the sacred bowl.

Fujiko religion practice.

The title of the view literally hakkai means eight words which during the period of esoteric Buddhism evoked the summit of Fuji, conceived as a lotus blossom with eight petals recalling the eight peaks inside the crater, dedicated to as many aspects of the Buddha.

The crater, Naiin, internal temple, or, Yugu, temple of mystery was accessible by four main ascent routes: from Murayama to the south, from Suyama to the south/east, from Subashiri to the east, from Yoshida to the north.

Along the perimeter of the crater there are various small temples, steles, pinnacles, including the pinnacles dedicated to Yakushi Nyorai, to the Sword (the highest) and to Shaka Nyorai; the statue of Kannon (erected in 1493), of Dainichi Nyorai (of 1522, Daiei period), and of Shokaku (Ubasoku, already depicted in plate n. 3, En no Ubasoku fugaku soso ).