HOKUSAI KATSUSHIKA, FUJI IN THE FIRST DAY OF THE NEW YEAR n. 23

HOKUSAI KATSUSHIKA, FUJI IN THE FIRST DAY OF THE NEW YEAR n. 23

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Gantan no fuji

Series : One Hundred Views of Fuji, Fugaku Hyakkei

Technique: nishikie, woodcuts in two shades of gray and one of pink.

Format: hanshinbon koban (about 183x123 mm)

Signatures : Zen Hokusai Iitsu aratame Gakyorojin Manji

Seal of the artist : Fuji no Yama

Dates : 1834- 1836.

Engravers: Egawa Tomekichi and Tsentaro

Editors: Nishimura Yuzo, Eirakuya Toshiro.

Beautiful test with good contrasts, in a fourth edition published by Tohikedo in 1852 with the characteristic pink tone. Imprinted on Japan paper, in excellent condition, with uncut margins all around beyond the marginal line.

Bibliography:

Stocking GC Hokusai, the old madman for painting , Milan 1999-2000, London, 2003.

Calza GC Hokusai, the hundred views of Fuji , Milan, 1982.

Dickins FV Fugaku hiyaku-kei: one hundred view of Fuji by Hokusai , London, 1880.

Forrer M. Hokusai, prints and drawings , London, 1991.

Hillier J. The art of Hokusai in book illustration , London, 1980.

Lane R. Hokusai, life and works , Milan, 1991.

Salamon Villa T., The hundred views of Fuji, Turin, 1975.

Smith II H. Hokusai: one hundred view of Fuji by Hokusai, London, 1988.

Here is represented a moment of the Shinnen festival, a celebration for the first day of the new year, in Edo.

Symbolically on this day, the houses were swept from the dross of the past year by throwing beans or beans in the corners with the invocation oni wa soto fuku wa uchi , demons outside, luck inside. The streets that day were joyously crowded with manzai (traveling buffoons), kadozuke (wandering players), kugutsu (puppeteers) , saizo (drummers). These are the  characters that populate the drawing, among which we note a manzai with his assistant (whose kimonos show a mon with the ideogram san , three, inserted in a circle), a kadozuke .

On the left a kite with the ideogram Fu , meaning both Fuku , prosperity, and Fugaku , the divine mountain.

Panel with the same title and the drawing of the expulsion of the demons from the house is in the illustrated album Hokusai soga (early 1820s) and in Mangwa IV (1816).